- Adoption agency
- Adoption Petition
- Adoption plan
- Agency adoption
- Birth parent
- Decree of Adoption
- Home study
- Identifying information
- Inter-country or international adoption
- Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC)
- Non-identifying information
- Open adoption
- Placement date
- Post-placement Supervision
- Putative father
- Putative father registry
- Step-parent adoption
- Termination of Parental Rights (TPR)
Adoption agency - An organization, usually licensed by the State, that provides services to birth parents, adoptive parents and children who need families. Agencies may be public or private, secular or religious, for profit or non profit.
Agency adoption - Adoptive placements made by licensed organizations that screen prospective adoptive parents and supervise the placement of children in adoptive homes until the adoption is finalized.
Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) - An agreement regulating the placement of children across state lines. All 50 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have independently enacted the ICPC as law in their respective jurisdictions. Adoptive parents taking custody of a child in 1 state require ICPC approval in order to return with the child to their home state.
Open adoption - An open adoption involves some amount of initial and/or ongoing contact between birth and adoptive families, ranging from sending letters to exchanging names and/or information. The birth and adoptive families determine the degree of openness they wish to have.
Post placement supervision - The range of counseling and/or agency services provided to the adoptive parents and adopted child after to the child’s adoptive placement and before the adoption is legally finalized in court. Social worker reports of this required supervisory period are forwarded to the court.
Pre-Certification - The legal process by which the adoptive parent(s) becomes authorized to take custody of a child. The Court determines the suitability of prospective adoptive parents to take custody of a child. Upon favorable review of medical, criminal, health and financial records, the court will grant an Order of Certification. An Order of Certification may be valid for a period of up to 18 months.
Putative father registry - Registry system that serves to ensure that a birth father’s rights are protected. Some states require that birth fathers register at these facilities while other states presume that he does not wish to pursue paternity rights if he doesn’t initiate any legal action.